Thursday, September 17, 2009

Dual Polarity Power Supply

This dual polarity power supply is easy to build, requires few parts, and is adjustable from 0-15 volts. It is great for powering op amp circuits, as well as other circuits that require a dual supply voltage. 

C1, C2    2              2200uF 35V Electrolytic Capacitor             
C3, C4, C5, C7     4              1uF 35V Electrolytic Capacitor    
C6, C8    2              100uF 35V Electrolytic Capacitor               
R1, R4    2              5K Pot  
R2, R3    2              240 Ohm 1/4 W Resistor               
BR1        1              2A 30V Bridge Rectifier 
U1          1              LM317 Adjustable Positive Regulator     
U2          1              LM337 Adjustable Negative Regulator   
T1           1              30V Center Tapped 2 Amp Transformer
S1           1              SPST 2 Amp Switch         
MISC     1              Heatsinks For U1 And U2, Line Cord, Case, Knobs For Pots, Wire      
  1. Since this project operates from 120 (or 220, or 240, etc.) volts AC, it MUST be built inside a case.
  2. U1 and U2 get quite hot and will require heatsinks. A fan is usually not needed.
  3. You can, of course, add a volt and amp meter.
  4. U1 and U2 can only go down to a minimum of +-1.2V. If you need to go lower, you can add two 1N4003 diodes in series with the output of the regulator. The diodes drop about 0.6V each, which will allow the supply to go to 0. Note that this will also decrease your maximum output voltage by 1.2V.


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